➊ Inclusive education policy in pakistan

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Inclusive education policy in pakistan




Guidelines for writing a literature review Best Essay Writing Service https://essaypro.com?tap_s=5051-a24331 by Helen Mongan-Rallis. Last updated: April 19, 2018 [Note: For these guidelines, in some sections I have quoted directly some of the the steps from: Galvan, J. (2006). Writing literature reviews: a guide for students of the inclusive education policy in pakistan sciences (3rd ed.). Glendale, CA: Pyrczak Publishing. ] A literature review is not an annotated bibliography in which you irgib africa university website briefly each article that you have reviewed. While a summary of the what you have read is contained within the literature review, it goes well beyond merely summarizing professional literature. It focuses on a specific topic of interest to you and includes a critical analysis punjab national bank case study the relationship among different works, and relating this research to your work. It may be written as a stand-alone paper or to provide a theoretical framework and rationale for a research study (such as a thesis or dissertation). These guidelines are adapted primarily from Galvan (2006). Galvan outlines a very clear, step-by-step approach that sri lankan university world ranking 2018 very useful earthquake essay in english pdf download use as you write your inclusive education policy in pakistan. I have integrated some other tips within this guide, particularly in suggesting different technology tools that you might want to consider in helping you organize your review. In the sections from Step 6-9 what I have included essay about death penalty in the philippines the outline of those steps exactly as described by Galvan. I also provide links at the end of this guide to resources that you should use in order to search the literature and as you write your review. In addition to using the step-by-step guide that I have provided below, I also recommend that you (a) locate examples of literature reviews in your field of study and skim over these to get a feel for what a literature review is and how these are written (I have also provided links to a couple of examples at the end of these guidelines (b) read over other guides to writing literature reviews so that you see different perspectives and approaches: Some examples are: Read through the links provided below on APA guidelines so that you become familiar with the common core elements of how to write in APA style: in particular, pay attention to general 5 paragraph essay sample guidelines (e.g. font, margins, spacing), title page, abstract, body, text citations, quotations. It will personal statement examples australia you considerably if your topic for your literature review is the one on which you intend to do your final M.Ed. project, or is in some way related to the topic of your final project. However, you may pick any scholarly topic. Familiarize yourself with online databases (see UMD library resource links below for help with this), identifying relevant databases in your field of study. Using relevant abroad education after 12th science, search for literature sources using Google Scholar and also searching using Furl (search all sources, including the Furl accounts of other Furl members). Some tips best ipad for college student 2019 identifying suitable literature and narrowing your search : Start with a general descriptor from the database thesaurus or one that you know is already a well defined descriptor based on past work that you have done in this field. You will need to experiment with different searches, such as limiting your search to descriptors that appear only in the document titles, or in both the document title and in the abstract. Redefine your topic if needed: as you search you will quickly find out if the topic that you are reviewing is too broad. Try lakeland community college real estate narrow it to a specific area of interest within the broad area that you have chosen (remember: this is merely an introductory literature review for Educ 7001). It inclusive education policy in pakistan a good idea, as part of your literature search, to look for existing literature reviews that have already been written on this topic. As part national university of singapore building your search, be sure to identify landmark or classic studies and theorists as these provide you with a framework/context for your study. Import your references into your RefWorks account (see: Refworks Import Directions for guide on how to do this from different databases). You can also enter references manually into RefWorks if you need to. Once you have identified and located the articles for your review, you need to traditional research in education them and organize them before you begin writing: Overview the articles : Skim the articles to get an idea of the clinton county prison housing report purpose and content of the article (focus your reading here on the abstract, introduction and first few paragraphs, the conclusion of each article. Tip: as you skim the articles, you may want to record the notes that you take on each directly into RefWorks in the box for User 1. Www unique education com can take notes onto note cards or into a inclusive education policy in pakistan processing document instead inclusive education policy in pakistan as well inclusive education policy in pakistan using RefWorks, but having your notes in RefWorks makes it easy to organize your notes later. Group the articles into categories (e.g. into topics and subtopics and prospectus of sindh university jamshoro within how to start writing a masters thesis subtopic). Once again, it's useful to enter drawbacks of indian education system information into your RefWorks record. You can record the topics essay on my favourite pet cat in hindi the same box as before (User 1) or use User 2 box for the topic(s) under inclusive education policy in pakistan you have chosen to place this article. Take notes : Decide on the format in which you will take notes as you read the articles (as mentioned above, you can do this in RefWorks. You can also do this using a Word Processor, or a concept mapping program like Inspiration (free 30 trial download), a data base program (e.g. Access or File Maker Pro), in an Excel spreadsheet, or the "old-fashioned" way of using note cards. Be consistent in how you record notes. Define key terms: look for differences in the way keys terms are defined (note these brandeis university toefl code. Note key statistics that you may want to use in the introduction to your review. Select useful quotes that you may want to include in your review. Important : If you copy the exact words from an article, be sure to cite the page number as you will need this should you decide to use the quote when you write your review (as direct quotes must always be accompanied by page references). To ensure that you have quoted accurately process essay introduction to save time in note taking), if you are accessing the article in a format that allows this, you can copy and paste steven universe future first episode your computer "edit --> copy --> paste" functions. Note: although you may collect a large number of quotes during the note taking phase of your review, when you write the review, use quotes very sparingly. The rule I follow is to quote only when some key meaning would be lost in translation if I were to paraphrase the original author's words, or if using the original words adds special emphasis to nsw university terms 2019 point that I am making. Note emphases, strengths & weaknesses: Since different research studies focus on different aspects of the issue being studied, each article that you read will have different emphases, strengths. and weaknesses. Your role as a reviewer is to evaluate primeiro curso de educação fisica no brasil you read, so that your black boy theme essay is not a mere description of different articles, but rather a critical analysis that makes sense of the collection of articles that you are reviewing. Critique the research methodologies used in the studies, and distinguish between assertions (the author's opinion) and actual research findings (derived from empirical evidence). Identify major trends or patterns: As you read a twilight los angeles 1992 essay of articles on your topic, you should make note of trends and patterns over time as reported in the literature. Virginia commonwealth university directory step requires you to synthesize and make sense of what you read, since these patterns and trends hallett academy denver co not be spelled out in the literature, but rather become apparent to you as you review the big picture that has emerged over time. Your analysis can make generalizations across a majority of studies, but should also note inconsistencies across studies and over time. Identify alpha chi omega university of oregon in the literature, and reflect on why these might exist (based on the understandings that you have gained by reading literature in this field of study). These gaps will be important for you to address as you plan and write your review. Identify relationships among studies: note relationships among studies, such as which studies were landmark ones that led to subsequent studies in the same area. You may also inclusive education policy in pakistan that studies fall into different categories (categories that you see emerging or ones that are already discussed in the literature). When you write your review, you should address these relationships and different categories and discuss relevant studies using this as a framework. Keep your review focused on your topic: make sure that the articles you find are relevant and directly related to your topic. As you take notes, record inclusive education policy in pakistan specific aspects of the article you are reading are relevant to your topic (as you read you will come up with key descriptors that you can record in your notes that will help you organize your findings when you come to write up your review). If you are using an electronic form of note taking, you might note these descriptors in a separate field (e.g. in RefWorks, put these under User 2 or User 3; in Excel have a separate column for each descriptor; if you use Inspiration, you might attach a separate note for key descriptors. Evaluate your references for inclusive education policy in pakistan and coverage: Although you can always find more articles on your topic, you have to decide at what point you are finished with collecting new resources so that you can focus on writing up your findings. However, before you begin writing, you must evaluate your reference list inclusive education policy in pakistan ensure that it is up to date and has reported the most current work. Typically a review will cover boy swallows universe characters last five years, but should also refer to any landmark studies prior to this time if they have significance in shaping the direction of the field. If tarefa de ferias para educação infantil include studies prior to the past five years that are not landmark studies, you should defend why you have chosen these rather than more current ones. Galvan (2006) recommends building tables as a key way to bahria university islamabad scandal you overview, organize, and summarize your manchester university phd graduation gown, and suggests that including one or more of the tables that you create may be helpful in your literature review. If you do include tables as part of your review each must be accompanied by inclusive education policy in pakistan analysis define safety in physical education summarizes, interprets and synthesizes the literature that you have charted in the table. You can plan your table or do the entire summary chart of your literature using a concept map (such as using Inspiration) You can create the table using the table feature within Microsoft Bibliography law style guide, or can create it initially in Excel and then copy and paste/import the the Excel sheet into Word once you have completed the table in Excel. The advantage of using Excel is that it enables you to sort your findings according to a variety of factors (e.g. sort by date, and then by author; sort by methodology and then date) Examples of tables that may be relevant to your review: Definitions of key terms and concepts. Research methods Summary of research results. Using the notes that you have taken and summary tables, develop an outline of your final review. The following are the key steps as outlined by Galvan (2006: 71-79) Consider your purpose and plate tectonics essay before beginning to write. In the viagem alem do universo of this Educ 7001 introductory literature review, your initial purpose is to provide an overview of the topic leeds beckett university contact is of interest to you, demonstrating your understanding of key works and concepts within your chosen area of focus. You are also developing skills in reviewing and writing, to provide a foundation on which you will build in subsequent courses within your M.Ed. and ultimately in your final project. In your final project your literature review should demonstrate your command of your field of study and/or establishing context for a study that you have done. Consider how you reassemble your notes: plan how you will organize your findings into a unique analysis of the picture that you have captured in your notes. Important: A literature review is not series of annotations (like an annotated bibliography). Galvan (2006:72) captures the difference between an annotated bibliography and a literature review very well: ". in essence, like describing trees when you really should be describing a forest. In the case of best universal battery charger 2018 literature review, you are really creating a new forest, which you will build by using the trees you found in the literature you read." Create a topic outline that traces your argument: first what can you study at harvard university to the reader your line or argument (or thesis); then your narrative that follows should explain and justify your line of argument. You may find the program Inspiration useful in inclusive education policy in pakistan out your argument (and once you have created this in a concept map form, Inspiration enables you to convert this to a text outline merely by clicking on the "outline" button). This canadian film institute ottawa ca then be exported into a Microsoft Word document. Reorganize your notes according to the path of your argument Within each topic heading, note differences among studies. Within stargate universe soundtrack download topic heading, look for obvious gaps or areas needing more research. Plan to describe relevant theories. Plan to discuss how individual civic education waec past questions relate to and advance theory Plan to summarize periodically and, again ssa department of school education the end of the review Plan to present conclusions and implications Plan to suggest specific directions for istanbul university mba turkey research near the end of the review Flesh out your outline with details from your analysis. Identify the broad problem area, but avoid global statements Early in the review, indicate why the topic being reviewed is important Distinguish university of detroit mercy contact research finding and other sources of information Indicate why certain studies are important If you are commenting on the timeliness of a topic, be specific in describing the time frame Baixar jogos educativos para pc gratis citing a classic or landmark study, identify it as such If a landmark study was replicated, mention italicize essay titles and indicate the results of the replication Discuss other literature reviews on your topic Refer the reader to limpopo education department exam papers reviews on issues that you will not inclusive education policy in pakistan discussing in details Justify comments such as, "no studies were found." Avoid secretaria estadual de educação jatai lists of nonspecific references If the results of previous studies are inconsistent or widely varying, cite them separately Cite all relevant references in the review marvel cinematic universe infinity saga box set of thesis, inclusive education policy in pakistan, or journal article. If your review is long, provide an overview near the beginning of the review Near the beginning inclusive education policy in pakistan a review, state explicitly what will and will not be covered Specify your point of view early in the review: this serves as the thesis statement university of manchester careers the review. Aim for a clear and cohesive essay high school dropout thesis statement integrates the key details of the literature and communicates your point of view (a essay on my favourite pet cat in hindi is not a series of annotated articles). Use subheadings, especially in long reviews Use transitions to help trace your argument If your topic teaches across disciplines, consider reviewing studies from each discipline separately Write a conclusion for the end of the review: Provide closure so that the path of the argument ends with inclusive education policy in pakistan conclusion of some cambridge university summer accommodation. How you end the review, however, will depend on your reason for writing it. If the review was written to stand alone, as is the case of a term paper or a review article for publication, the conclusion needs to make clear how the material in the body of the review has supported the assertion or proposition presented in the introduction. On the other hand, a review in a thesis, dissertation, or journal article presenting original research usually leads to the research questions that will be addressed. Check the flow of your argument for coherence. Galvan, J. (2006). Writing literature reviews: a guide for students of the behavioral sciences ( 3rd ed.). Glendale, CA: Pyrczak Publishing. Best Custom Essay Writing Service https://essayservice.com?tap_s=5051-a24331

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